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Research Paper Format


Generally, a research article is a report of original study that evaluates the contribution of the research to the body of knowledge in a particular field. It is published in a scholarly publication that has undergone peer review. It is conceivable that hundreds of peer-reviewed publications will exist in a particular academic discipline.

How To Write A Research Paper

It is more than just a collection of diverse bits of information on a topic when it comes to writing a research paper. A research paper is a piece of writing that examines or defends an issue. You should provide your own thoughts and information in a research paper, regardless of the sort of research paper you are writing. Your final research paper should be supported by the ideas and information of others.

Take a look at the procedures and resources, then use the checklist to ensure you've written a good quality research article. When it comes to academic and professional success, research writing may be a daunting task.

Format Of Research Paper

Depending on the style guide you're using, the formatting of a research paper will change. In addition to citations, APA, MLA, and Chicago give formatting requirements for font selection, page layout, heading type, and reference page format. Here we shall discuss APA style as a reference guideline. APA style research papers that report on experimental study will normally have a Title page, Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, and References section.

Title Page

This is the opening page of the article, which includes the title, a "running head," the authors, and the authors' institutional affiliation. In most cases, the institutional connection is stated in an Author Note at the foot of the title page. The Author Note may also include an acknowledgement of any monetary support as well as any persons that contributed with the research study.


The Abstract is a one-paragraph summary of the whole study that is normally no more than 250 words long (and in many cases is much less). It offers an overview of the investigation.


The introduction, which is usually the first major section of text in a paper, typically includes the topic under investigation, summarizes or reported prior research, identifies unresolved problems that the present study will address, and provides an overview of the study that will be discussed in greater detail in the subsequent sections.


What exactly did you do? — a part that explains how the research was carried out. It usually includes a description of the participants/subjects engaged, as well as the research design, materials used, and study technique. If there were several experiments, each one could require its own Methods section. As a general guideline, the Methods section should be comprehensive enough for another researcher to replicate your findings.


What did you discover? — a part that discusses the data gathered as well as the results of any statistical tests conducted. It might also be preceded by a description of the analysis method employed. If there were several experiments, each one could require its own Results section.


What are the implications of your findings? – the paper's final significant portion of text. The Discussion section usually includes a review of the study's findings, a description of how those findings relate to the subject under inquiry and/or the challenges that the project was aimed to solve, and a discussion of the ramifications of those findings. Areas for future research directions are frequently discussed.


List of referenced papers and books - an alphabetized list of all the sources used in the work. Author names, dates, article titles, journal titles, journal volume numbers, page numbers, book publishers, publisher locations, websites, and so on should all follow APA requirements.

Tables And Figures

Graphs and data (optional in certain situations) — Tables and/or Figures may be included depending on the sort of study being conducted (however, in some cases, there may be neither). Each Table and Figure are presented on their own page in APA format, and all Tables and Figures are included after the References. The tables come first, followed by the figures. Tables and Figures may be incorporated in the text for some publications and undergraduate research papers.


Additional information (optional) - in certain circumstances, such as a list of experiment stimuli, details of a secondary analysis, or programming code, additional material that is not crucial to understanding the study report is included. This is frequently found in an appendix.

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About The Authors

Suleman Shah

Suleman Shah- Suleman Shah is a researcher and freelance writer. As a researcher, he has worked with MNS University of Agriculture, Multan (Pakistan) and Texas A & M University (USA). He regularly writes science articles and blogs for science news website immersse.com and open access publishers OA Publishing London and Scientific Times. He loves to keep himself updated on scientific developments and convert these developments into everyday language to update the readers about the developments in the scientific era. His primary research focus is Plant sciences, and he contributed to this field by publishing his research in scientific journals and presenting his work at many Conferences. Shah graduated from the University of Agriculture Faisalabad (Pakistan) and started his professional carrier with Jaffer Agro Services and later with the Agriculture Department of the Government of Pakistan. His research interest compelled and attracted him to proceed with his carrier in Plant sciences research. So, he started his Ph.D. in Soil Science at MNS University of Agriculture Multan (Pakistan). Later, he started working as a visiting scholar with Texas A&M University (USA). Shah’s experience with big Open Excess publishers like Springers, Frontiers, MDPI, etc., testified to his belief in Open Access as a barrier-removing mechanism between researchers and the readers of their research. Shah believes that Open Access is revolutionizing the publication process and benefitting research in all fields.

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